Advances in Minimally Invasive Procedures for BPH Therapy

Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH), a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland, affects a significant number of men worldwide. It can lead to bothersome urinary symptoms, such as frequent urination, weak urine flow, and incomplete bladder emptying. While traditional surgical interventions have been the mainstay of BPH treatment, advances in minimally invasive procedures have revolutionized the therapeutic landscape. In this article, we will explore the latest advancements in minimally invasive procedures for BPH Therapy, highlighting their benefits and outcomes.

Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT)

Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT) is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes microwave energy to selectively heat and destroy excess prostate tissue. During the procedure, a small microwave antenna is inserted into the urethra, and controlled energy is delivered to the prostate, leading to tissue ablation. TUMT offers several advantages, including reduced bleeding, shorter hospital stays, and minimal risk of sexual side effects. Clinical studies have demonstrated its effectiveness in relieving urinary symptoms and improving quality of life in BPH patients.

Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA)

Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA) is another minimally invasive procedure that uses low-level radiofrequency energy to thermally ablate prostate tissue. In this technique, tiny needles are inserted into the prostate through the urethra, and radiofrequency waves are applied to heat and destroy the excess tissue. TUNA is a targeted therapy that preserves the urethra and surrounding structures while providing symptom relief. It is associated with minimal discomfort, quick recovery, and low risk of sexual dysfunction.

Water-Induced Thermotherapy (WIT)

Water-Induced Thermotherapy (WIT) is a minimally invasive procedure that utilizes heated water to treat BPH. During WIT, a catheter equipped with a special device is inserted into the urethra, and heated water is circulated to raise the temperature of the prostate. The controlled heat causes cell death and shrinking of the prostate tissue, resulting in symptom improvement. WIT is a safe and effective option for patients with moderate BPH symptoms and offers advantages such as minimal invasiveness, short procedure time, and rapid recovery.

Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE)

Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE) is a minimally invasive procedure that involves blocking the blood supply to the prostate gland, leading to its shrinkage. During PAE, tiny particles are injected through a catheter into the arteries supplying the prostate, thereby reducing blood flow and causing the prostate to decrease in size. PAE has gained popularity as an alternative to traditional surgery due to its minimal invasiveness, shorter hospital stay, and preservation of sexual function. It has shown promising results in reducing urinary symptoms and improving patients’ quality of life.


Advances in minimally invasive procedures have transformed the landscape of BPH therapy, offering effective alternatives to traditional surgical interventions. Techniques such as Transurethral Microwave Therapy (TUMT), Transurethral Needle Ablation (TUNA), Water-Induced Thermotherapy (WIT), and Prostatic Artery Embolization (PAE) provide patients with less invasive options, reduced risk of complications, faster recovery, and better preservation of sexual function. As technology continues to evolve, it is crucial for healthcare professionals to stay updated on these advancements to offer the most appropriate and effective treatment options for BPH patients, ensuring improved outcomes and enhanced quality of life.

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