Why are property rental prices projected to rise?

The mechanism of property rental prices is directly impacted by several factors, ranging from economic conditions to demographic changes. In the contemporary era, analysts and real estate experts have significantly accelerated property rental prices in various parts of the world. Understanding the reasons behind this trend is crucial for tenants, landlords, investors, and policymakers.

Economic Recovery and Growth

Post-pandemic Rebound

The global economy is eventually recovering from the impacts caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. As countries reopen and resume economic activities, there is a high demand for employment and income levels. This economic rebound boosts consumer confidence and spending, leading to higher demand for rental properties. Cities brutally affected by the pandemic are now witnessing an unexpected rise in population and economic activities, driving up rental demand and prices.

Inflation and Interest Rate

Inflationary pressures are a major factor triggering the rise of rental prices. As the cost of living increases, landlords are forced to raise rents to cover higher expenses related to property maintenance, utilities, and taxes. In addition to this, central banks around the world have been adjusting interest rates to curb inflation, which affects mortgage rates. Higher mortgage rates can deter potential homebuyers, leading them to remain in the rental market and subsequently raising demands and rental prices.

Demographic Shifts


Urbanization continues to be a global trend as more people move to cities in search of better job opportunities, education and health facilities, a better standard of living, and easy access to other infrastructure needed. This influx of people into urban areas increases the demand for rental properties. Major cities, especially in developing countries, are experiencing rapid population growth, putting pressure on the existing housing supply and driving rental prices upward.

Changing Household Composition

Changes in household settings also contribute to the major increase in rental prices. There is a popular trend toward smaller households, including single-person households, and young professionals seeking independent living arrangements. This change increases the demand for smaller rental units, such as studios and one-bedroom apartments, which can lead to higher rental prices due to the increased competition for these styles of properties.

Housing Supply Constraints

Limited New Construction 

One of the major reasons for rental prices to skyrocket is the limited supply of new housing. In many urban areas, the construction of new residential properties has not kept pace with the growing demand. Factors such as rigid zoning laws, high construction costs, and labour shortages influence the development of new housing projects. This supply-demand imbalance results in higher rental prices as tenants compete for a limited number of available units.

Aging Housing Stock

In addition to limited new construction, the ageing housing stock in many cities contributes to higher rental prices. Older buildings require more maintenance and upgrades to meet the standards of modern living. Landlords often pass these costs onto tenants in the form of higher rents. Furthermore, older properties may be taken off the market for renovations, reducing the overall supply of available rental units and driving up prices.

Investor Behavior and Market Speculation

Real Estate Investment

Real estate remains an efficient and appealing investment option, with investors seeking to mobilize on rising property values and rental income. Increased investment activity can drive up property prices, which in turn leads to higher rental prices as landlords seek to attain desired returns on their investments. In some markets, speculative buying and flipping of properties also contribute to price increases, affecting the rental market.

Short-term Rentals

The popularity of short-term rental platforms such as Airbnb has influenced rental markets in many cities. Property owners list their units as short-term rentals, which can lead to higher returns compared to long-term leases. These tactics reduce the supply of long-term rental properties, leading to increased competition and higher rental prices for those seeking permanent housing.

Government Policies and Regulations

Rent Control and Tenant Protection Laws

In some regions, rent control and tenant protection laws are meant to keep housing affordable. However, these regulations can have underlying consequences. For instance, strict rent control can discourage investment in rental properties and new construction, leading to a scarce housing supply. Landlords may also be less inclined to maintain and improve their properties, contributing to a shortage of quality rental units. The resulting supply constraints can drive up prices for units that are not subjected to rent control.

Urban Development and Infrastructure Projects

Government-driven urban development and infrastructure projects can influence rental prices. The uplift in transportation, amenities, and public services maximizes the attractiveness of certain neighbourhoods, leading to increased demand for rental properties in those areas.


The projected skyrocket in rental prices is a multifaceted issue driven by economic recovery, demographic shifts, housing supply constraints, investor behaviour, and government policies.

Understanding these factors can help tenants, landlords, and investors navigate the changing rental market. For tenants, it may be wise to lock in longer-term leases to avoid future price hikes. Landlords can benefit from staying updated about market trends and moulding their rental strategies in the expected and needed way. Policymakers must balance the need for affordable housing with incentives for new construction and investment to ensure a stable and sustainable rental market.

As rental prices continue to spike, stakeholders must collaborate to address the underlying causes and design suitable solutions that promote housing affordability and availability. By staying updated and proactive, all parties can better manage the challenges and opportunities presented by the evolving rental market.

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